The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis aka chlamydia become recognized only recently. Up until 1963 it was classified as a virus instead of a bacteria. This misunderstood confusion in C. trachomatis classification occurs due to Chlamydia trachomatis’ characteristics that resemble both bacteria and viruses. The outer membrane is such that of gram-negative bacteria but it lacks a peptidoglycan cell wall and requires cellular components from the host for replication(virus like activity). Some people believe the nickname of chlamydia is the “clap” but that is actually the nickname for gonorrhea. Chlamydia’s nickname is that of “the salient disease” because it is commonly asymptomatic.
C. trachomatis is often encountered or accompanied by other sexually transmitted infections. Seeing a health care provider if uncertain about diagnosis is important. Patients are expected to refer their sex partners for evaluation, testing and treatment. If C. trachomatis is only suspected to be the cause of infection, chlamydia treatment should commence. If left untreated and not cared for, serious conditions will develop in women. Pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, tubal pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain are all possibilities if infected. Complications result with chlamydia in men as well. Here’s what chlamydia looks like. Also specifically see chlamydia in women. and chlamydia in men.
Rarely, C.trachomatis infection causes lymphogranuloma venereum(LGV). It is a single genital lesion that resolves spontaneously. There were 113 cases of LGV in 1997. Most cases of LGV come from people returning from parts of the Caribbean, South America, Africa and east Asia. LGV is more likely to be present in men with a ratio of 6:1 men to women.
Highest risk of infection is to those between 15 to 19 and next highest is those 20 to 24 years of age. Inner city areas with lower socioeconomic status are likely to harbor C. trachomatis.
C. trachomatis is known to be a silent disease and present all over. C. trachomatis is the second most common sexually transmitted infection after human papillomavirus (HPV). It is typically considered silent due to the probability of it being present without causing any symptoms; however, symptoms of chlamydia can occur one to three weeks after exposure. Those infected or those with and/or gonorrhea are at a greater risk for HIV infection. Chlamydia treatment is very practical and chlamydia is believed to infect approximately four million people annually. Back to what is an std